Smart Farming





The JMJ structure of IoT is based on three layers: namely, the perception layer (sensing), the network layer (data transfer), and the application layer (data storage and manipulation).

LAYER 1: The perception layer
At the perception layer, we meet technologies such as WSM, RFID and recently, Near Field communications (NFC). RFID and NFC technologies play an important role in the agricultural domain. Typical user scenarios include products or livestock monitoring, supply chain and quality control tracking and lifecycle assessment of agriculture products.

LAYER 2: The network Layer
At the second layer of Iot, JMJ wireless sensor nodes interacting with physical objects and/or their environment, communicate with their neighboring nodes or a gateway, building networks through which the data are usually forwarded towards a remote infrastructure for storage, further analysis, processing and dissemination of the valuable knowledge that can be extracted. JMJ’s communication protocols built over wireless standards, facilitate the device networking and bridge the gap between the internet-enabled gateways and the end-nodes. Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), LoRa / LoRaWAN, DASH7 and low-power WiFi have also appeared in our several deployments recently.

LAYER 3: The application layer
JMJs application layer is the third layer of the IoT. It is of high importance and in many ways, it is this that facilitates the realization of the IoT. The application layer faces several issues which must be resolved, such as the identification of the devices as unique entities.